Circulatory Step 1 QBank
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A 36 year old male comes to the clinic with complaints of distorted vision. He has recently immigrated to the US and doesn’t have a complete health history available. Other than the visual complaint he denies and recent trauma, headache, dizziness, change in dietary habits, pain, weakness, motor function, or sensation loss.
His prescreening vitals are below:
Weight: 173 lbs
BMI: 19 kg/m²
HR: 81 beat/min
RR: 16 breath/min
BP: 126/81 mm Hg
Temp: 37°C (98.6°F)
Patient is a tall thin European male in no acute distress. Further exam shows evidence of optical lens subluxation superiorly and temporally, mild pectus carinatum and noticeable arachnodactyly. All other findings are are unremarkable.
What cardiovascular risk would he also be susceptible to?CorrectIncorrect
In a research lab a section of a of a blood vessel is examined to identify a pathological process.
The initial findings of the vessel are:
Thickness; 30 MLU
Elastin to collagen ratio; 1:2
No external blood supply
Where was this section likely taken from?CorrectIncorrect
A 32 year old Asian-American female comes to the clinic with complaints of painful cold blue fingers. She works as a secretary, but has had increased difficulty because she experiences numbness and pain in her arms and fingers. The symptoms are described as constant, and it gets worse with increased use. On cardiac exam there is bilateral carotid bruits heard on auscultation, and a decreased radial pulses. What would be seen on biopsy of the effected area in the aortic arch?CorrectIncorrect
Late stage diabetes mellitus can have retinal edema, retinal hemorrhages, and thickened blood vessels in the basement membrane in the eye. The cause of these ocular findings is due to a similar process and pathophysiology of small blood vessels and capillaries systemically. What is the etiology of the vascular damage?CorrectIncorrect