Introduction to Renal Quiz
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A 6-year-old boy is brought to the office by his mother after he developed generalized edema over the last 4 days. The mother states the boy recently recovered from an upper respiratory infection that began 2 weeks ago. Vital signs are normal. Urine dipstick shows 4+ proteinuria. What is the most likely diagnosis?CorrectIncorrect
A 21-year-old female is brought to the office by one of her close friends, she is in moderate distress. The patient states that she had a burning sensation when urinating, and an increase in urinary frequency. She takes an oral contraceptive and is sexually active with her boyfriend. Upon palpation to the patient’s costovertebral angle, the patient screams and pulls away in apparent pain. Which of the following would be most specific to the patient’s diagnosis found during urinalysis?CorrectIncorrect
A 74-year-old male is brought to the ED on a Wednesday by his daughter who states her father has been “acting different” over the last 12 hours. He has not been answering her phone calls and did not seem to leave his couch in the last day. She shares with the doctor that her father has Type 2 Diabetes mellitus, Kidney failure, Hypertension, and Hyperlipidemia. She knows he missed his dialysis appointment on Monday after complaining the bus never showed up and does not believe he made it to his appointment this morning. What lab values would be expected for this patient?CorrectIncorrect
A 23-year-old female presents to the ED with a 1-day history of nausea and lower abdominal pain. She is sexually active with multiple partners and does not use condoms consistently. Her last menstrual period was 2 weeks ago. Her temperature is 102F. Physical exam shows suprapubic tenderness but negative for costovertebral angle tenderness. Pelvic exam is normal. The cause of this patient’s condition is most likely due to which of the following?CorrectIncorrect
A 34-year-old male presents to ER after experiencing intermittent pain in his groin for the past 24 hours. He states the pain began in his lower back 5 days ago but has now localized to his groin. The patient rates the pain 9/10. A CT scan is ordered, and a calculus is found distally in the left ureter. Which type of kidney stone is reported with the highest incidence?CorrectIncorrect